Diwali Celebration in India: Date, Timings, Rituals, and Significance

Festival of lights that symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil

11/9/20232 min read

person holding lighted candle in dark room
person holding lighted candle in dark room

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most significant and widely celebrated festivals in India. It is a festival of lights that symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Diwali typically falls in the month of October or November each year, depending on the Hindu lunar calendar. This year, Diwali will be celebrated on November 12th 2023 (Sunday).

Date:
Diwali, the festival of lights, is celebrated on the 15th day of the Hindu month of Kartika. This date varies each year based on the lunar calendar, but in 2023, it will be celebrated on November 12th, 2023.

Timings:
Diwali celebrations usually begin in the evening and continue well into the night. People light oil lamps or diyas in and around their homes to illuminate the darkness. Fireworks and crackers also light up the sky, adding to the festive atmosphere.

Lakshmi Puja Muhurat : 5:39 P.M. to 07:35 P.M. (1 hour 56 minutes).

Pradosh Kaal: 5.29 pm to 8.08 pm.

Rituals:

  1. Cleaning and Decoration: Preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance with thorough cleaning and decorating of homes. This signifies the removal of negativity and the welcoming of positivity.

  2. Rangoli: Colorful rangoli designs are created at the entrance of homes to welcome guests and deities. These intricate patterns are made with colored powders, rice, or flower petals.

  3. Lighting Diyas: Lighting oil lamps or diyas is central to the celebration. It symbolizes the dispelling of darkness and ignorance. Candles and electric lights are also used to adorn homes.

  4. Puja: Families gather for special prayers and pujas to seek the blessings of deities, especially Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity.

  5. Fireworks and Crackers: The night sky is filled with colorful fireworks and firecrackers, adding to the festive spirit. This tradition symbolizes the victory of light over darkness.

  6. Exchanging Gifts: It is customary to exchange gifts and sweets with friends and family as a gesture of love and goodwill.

Significance:
Diwali holds great cultural and spiritual significance in India. The festival signifies several things:

  • Victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

  • Welcoming prosperity and wealth into one's life.

  • Strengthening family bonds and spending quality time with loved ones.

  • Marking the Hindu New Year in some regions of India.

In addition to its religious roots, Diwali has become a unifying celebration that transcends religious and regional boundaries in India. It is a time for joy, togetherness, and the sharing of love and happiness.

As the festival of Diwali approaches, people across India eagerly prepare to light up their lives with joy, harmony, and the radiance of countless lamps, making it a truly magical and heartwarming celebration.